AskDefine | Define troop

Dictionary Definition

troop

Noun

1 a group of soldiers
2 a cavalry unit corresponding to an infantry company
3 a unit of girl or boy scouts [syn: scout troop, scout group]
4 an orderly crowd; "a troop of children" [syn: flock]

Verb

1 march in a procession; "the veterans paraded down the street" [syn: parade, promenade]
2 move or march as if in a crowd; "They children trooped into the room"

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Etymology

Attested in English 1545.
  • etyl fr troupe, back-formed from troupeau, diminutive of Medieval etyl la troppus, probably from etyl gem.
  • etyl frm troupe, from etyl fro trope, probably from etyl frk *throp. Compare thorp, Old English þorp.

Pronunciation

  • truːp
  • Rhymes with: -uːp

Noun

  1. A collection of people; a company; a number; a multitude.
  2. A small unit of cavalry or armour commanded by a captain, corresponding to a platoon or company of infantry.
  3. A detachment of soldiers or police, especially horse artillery, armour, or state troopers.
  4. Soldiers, military forces (usually "troops").
  5. A company of stageplayers; a troupe.
  6. A particular roll of the drum
  7. a unit of girl or boy scouts
  8. an orderly crowd

Translations

collection of people
a group of soldiers
Specifically, a small body of cavalry, light horse, or dragoons, consisting usually of about sixty men, commanded by a captain
a company of horse artillery; a battery
A company of stageplayers; a troupe
A particular roll of the drum
unit of girl or boy scouts
an orderly crowd

Verb

  1. To move in numbers; to come or gather in crowds or troops.
  2. To march on; to go forward in haste.
  3. to move or march as if in a crowd; “The children trooped into the room”.

Derived terms

References

Extensive Definition

Note that within the British Armed Forces, these specific terms are often used only to refer to non-commissioned personnel (an army officer may speak of "my soldiers", for instance).

State Police

Within the United States, State Police forces are often regionally divided into Troops. This usage came about from these organizations modeling themselves off the US Army, and especially the older cavalry units. For this same reason the State Police and Highway Patrol personnel of most states are known as "Trooper" rather than "Officer". California, all US territorial police forces (Guam, US Virgin Islands, Puerto Rico, and the Northern Mariana Islands) and several other states use the "Officer" instead of "Trooper". Most state police and highway patrol forces make much more extensive use of an Army-style rank structure than do local law enforcement agencies.

Boy Scouting

Troop is also a term used in Boy Scouting. The scout troop is the fundamental unit of the Boy Scouts. This is the group a Boy Scout joins and via which he participates in Scouting activities, such as camping, backpacking, and canoeing. The troop leadership, youth and adult, organizes and provides support for these activities. It may include as few as a half-dozen boys, or as many as seventy or more. Troops usually meet weekly. A troop is often sponsored by a community organization such as a business, service organization, school, labor group veteran's group, or religious institution. The chartering organization is responsible for providing a meeting place and promoting a good program. A key component of the Scout method is that troops are run by the Scouts under the advice and guidance of adult leaders.

Collective Noun

The word troop is also used as a collective noun for any group of primates (including humans).

References

troop in German: Eskadron
troop in Bengali: ট্রুপ
troop in Dutch: Eskadron
troop in Polish: Szwadron
troop in Portuguese: Tropa
troop in Russian: Эскадрон
troop in Slovenian: Trop (vojaštvo)

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

KP, age group, ambulate, armed forces, army, army group, assemblage, assembly, band, battalion, battery, battle group, bevy, body, brigade, bunch, cabal, cadre, cast, clique, cohort, collection, colony, column, combat command, combat team, company, complement, contingent, corps, coterie, covey, crew, crowd, detachment, detail, division, drift, drive, drove, faction, field army, field train, file, fleet, flock, flying column, foot it, forces, gam, gang, garrison, gathering, group, grouping, groupment, herd, hoof, host, in-group, junta, kennel, kitchen police, legion, litter, maniple, military, mob, movement, multitude, organization, out-group, outfit, pace, pack, party, peer group, phalanx, platoon, pod, posse, pride, rank, regiment, salon, school, section, set, shoal, skulk, sloth, soldiers, squad, squadron, stable, step, string, tactical unit, task force, team, train, traipse, tread, tribe, trip, troopers, troupe, unit, wing
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